The name of amethyst comes from the Greek and means "not fragile". Amethyst is one kind of crystals with colors from violet to dark purple, as one of the members in crystal family, amethyst is the most expensive one. The reason why amethyst is purple is because it contains manganese and iron. Amethyst often has characteristic of transparency, people can see various colors through the dichroscope. In high temperature or burning condition, the color of amethyst will change to be tan or brown.
The most valuable color of amethyst should be wine red and dark wine red. Because of its beautiful purple color, amethyst is one of the best popular species in jade, also, amethyst is known as "the king of jade". What's more, the international gem organization put amethyst as "Lucky stone for people who were born in February". In addition to its glorious color, the ancients thought amethyst can promote people to the mutual understanding, trust each other, bless people to be healthy and resist the infectious disease. As a result, amethyst has the reputation as "representative of honesty". The usage of amethyst is very wide. Generally, amethyst is widely used in jade carving. It was said that the bishop of Rome church also wore amethyst ring to avoid evil. Also, there is a high quality amethyst bead in the Crown of Wales princess. Even the Caesarean is one of the fans of amethyst, he had ever sent thousands of people to search for amethyst in Ural.
In fairy tale, the most famous effect of amethyst is to cure epilepsy or prevent alcoholic. The story that amethyst can make the drunkard to be clear-headed comes from the god of wine: Baccos in Greece. In the story, it said that the chaste goddess Diana, who once offended Baccos, would be eaten by the tiger because of the revenge of Baccos. Just at this time, a beautiful girl whose name was Amethyst came after his trail, Baccos mistook Amethyst to be Diana and demanded the ferocious tiger to eat her. In order to protect Amethyst, Diana used her magic to change Amethyst into a pure stone. Suddenly, Baccos knew his fault, in order to show his apology, he dropped the wine to the pure stone. Because this fairy tale has a relationship with Baccos, so people insist that when drinking wine with an amethyst goblet, it won't make drinkers drunk and lose their head even the wine is excessive.